- Don Heckman. "Jennifer Leitham: Transamerican Music". Jazz Times. April 2009. http://jazztimes.com/articles/24397-jennifer-leitham-transamerican-music.
This site is the most comprehensive on the web devoted to trans history and biography. Well over 1400 persons worthy of note, both famous and obscure, are discussed in detail, and many more are mentioned in passing.
There is a detailed Index arranged by vocation, doctor, activist group etc. There is also a Place Index arranged by City etc. This is still evolving.
In addition to this most articles have one or more labels at the bottom. Click one to go to similar persons. There is a full list of labels at the bottom of the right-hand sidebar. There is also a search box at the top left. Enjoy exploring!
- About Zagria
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- Other Trans History sites
- Resolution 2048 of the Council of Europe
- The first known trans women in the UK and the US
29 September 2010
26 September 2010
- The Prussian State Archives, Halberstadt, 13 October 1721.
- F.C. Müller. “Ein weiterer Fall von conträrer Sexualempfindung” in Friedreich’s Blätter für gerichtliche Medizin und Sanitätspolizei. Heft 4. 1891.
- Brigitte Erikksson (translation From The German). “A Lesbian Execution In Germany, 1721: The Trial Records”. Journal of Homosexuality. Vol 6(1/2) Fall/Winter 1980/81. Reprinted in Salvatore J. Licata, & Robert P. Peterson (eds). Historical Perspectives On Homosexuality. 1981
- Angelika Steidele. In Männerkleidern. Das verwegene Leben der Catharina Margaretha Linck alias Anastasius Rosenstengel, hingerichtet 1721. Biografie und Dokumentation. Böhlau: Wien 2004.
First contray sexual-feeling and then lesbian. None of the commentaries propose FTM or trans man. The de.wikipedia page was originally called "Anastasius Lagrantinus Rosenstengel" (see the URL) but has been renamed to “Catharina Margaretha Linck” which is going in the wrong direction.
23 September 2010
- "Woman Driver, 32, Found to Be Male". The Globe and Mail. June 16, 1962.
- "Man Dressed as Woman: Lawyer, Magistrate in Conflict". The Globe and Mail. July 21, 1962.
- "Dressed as Woman, Man Acquitted, Sobs". The Globe and Mail. Sept 7, 1962.
- "Dressed as Woman, Man goes on Trial". The Globe and Mail. Feb 8, 1963.
- "All-Male Jury Acquits Driver in June Death". The Globe and Mail. Feb 12, 1963.
- "Identity Concealed: Sex-change surgery is first for Canada". The Globe and Mail. April 23, 1970.
- Kathleen Rex. "Canada's first sex-swapper asks for understanding: Doctor sees day coming when transplants will enable fathers to become mothers". The Globe and Mail. Sept 16, 1970.
- Dianna as told to Felicity Cochrane, with an Introduction by Leo Wollman. Behold, I Am a Woman. New York: Pyramid Books, 1972.
- "Dianna: Canada's first sex change patient". All About Women. With host: Margo Lane; guest: Dianna Boileau. CBC 11 mins May 29, 1972. www.cbc.ca/archives/entry/dianna-canadas-first-sex-change-patient.
Dianna seems to have been a bit naughty and practiced time compression in her autobiography. She states that in 1962, the time of the trial, she was 15 years younger than Rosemary who was about to turn 40, which would have made her 24. In addition the book leaves the impression that she was one year in Calgary and less in Edmonton, and my mental image while reading it was that she was in her early twenties when the car accident happened. However the Globe and Mail articles on her trial state that Dianna was 32 and Rosemary 45. Hence Dianna must have been born in 1930, and will be 80 now.
Dr Wollman is an unreliable narrator as we know from his movie, Let Me Die a Woman, and his prediction of organ transplants so that trans women can have babies, is the same nonsense that he spouts in the 1978 film. Ten years from 1970 is 1980. We are 30 years further on and it is still not likely.
If the Clarke GIC had continued the personal service that it gave to Dianna, it would have a much better reputation.
19 September 2010
At 16, on return to Bahrain, she demanded to join the army, a normal step for princes, but unheard of for a princess. The king finally agreed, and Latifa was sent to Sandhurst for officer training – one of 90 women out of 400 soldiers. Later with the Bahraini army, she didn’t have the body strength to lift heavy weapons, and after a hip injury was medically discharged.
She became part of Bahrain’s underground gay scene, but as it is transphobic, she pretended to be a lesbian. She was picked up by the police’s discipline squad but they saw from her ID card that she was royalty.
As pressure to marry as a woman mounted she escaped during a family visit to London in 1999, and he became Taff. The family has tried to kidnap him. He has applied for asylum in the UK.
17 September 2010
In 2007, after a 25 year career and 10 albums, Heather transitioned and became Alexander James Adams. He has continued performing in the same venues that Heather played in, and has played with Uffington Horse.
In 2007 he released Wintertide which features duets between Heather’s and Adam’s voices.
15 September 2010
Officially he was celibate all his life. However he had intense friendships with younger men, first with Richard Froude who died aged 33 in 1836, and then he lived with Ambrose St John from 1843, when St John was 28, until St John's death in 1875.
Newman was not the most masculine of men. John Campbell Shairp described Newman as a woman’s soul in man's body. Lytton Strachey described his "soft spectacled Oxford manner, with its half-effeminate diffidence". Another contemporary described him:
“Robust and ruddy sons of the Church looked on him with condescending pity as a poor fellow whose excessive sympathy, restless energy, and general unfitness for this practical world would soon wreck him. Thin, pale, and with large lustrous eyes ever piercing through this veil of men and things, he hardly seemed made for this world”.Another:
“Early in the evening a singularly graceful figure in cap and gown glided into the room. The slight form and gracious address might have belonged either to a youthful ascetic of the middle ages or to a graceful high-bred lady of our own days.”Wilfred G. Ward, another English convert to Catholicism reported a dream that had had a strong impact on him:
“He found himself at a dinner party next to a veiled lady, who charmed him more and more as they talked. At last he exclaimed, ‘I have never felt such charm in any conversation since I used to talk with John Henry Newman, at Oxford’. ‘I am John Henry Newman’, the lady replied, and raising her veil showed the well-known face."In his later years a similar impression remained. One colleague described him as 'white, frail and wistful', and another as 'delicate as an old lady, washed in milk'.
His major writings were his autobiography, Apologia Pro Vita Sua, 1866 and Grammar of Assent, 1870. His poem Gerontius was later put to music by Edward Elgar.
He died in 1890 and in accordance with his wishes was buried in the grave of Ambrose St John. A joint memorial stone was erected: Ex umbris et imaginibus in veritatem ("Out of shadows and phantasms into the truth").
In 1991 the Catholic Church proclaimed him as venerable, a first stage on the road to becoming a saint. In 2008 the Church, having obtained a special exception to UK law, opened the grave to separate the two men and to place the remains of Newman in a reliquary in the Birmingham Oratory, but his body had completely decomposed. Peter Tatchell condemned the separation as 'moral vandalism' in an article in The Times. Newman was beatified during the Pope's visit to the UK in September 2010.
- Peter Gay. The Tender Passion. Oxford University Press. 1987 : 236n39.
- Elaine Showalter. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture At The Fin De Siecle. Viking 1990: 149.
- Geoffrey Faber. Oxford Apostles: A Character Study of the Oxford Movement. Faber & Faber. 1974 (1933) p32-4.
The argument for St John and Newman being a gay couple is as strong as that for Hoover and Tolson minus the evidence of Susan Rosentiel re the drag parties. As Peter Tatchell said: "It is uncertain whether their relationship involved sex. It is quite likely that both men had a gay orientation but chose to abstain from sexual relations. But abstinence does not alter a person's sexual orientation."
Newman certainly seems to have been more anima muliebris virili corpore inclusa than Karl Ulrichs was.
Which of the ancient gods of England, Lugh perhaps or Yngvi, arranged it that his body was fully decomposed before the Catholics came looking for relics?
13 September 2010
"Finally, I began to understand transsexuality, as it was expressed by socially privileged former men, in terms of being antithetical to my understanding of the underlying socio-political causes of intersex oppression and at odds with my goals as an intersex activist. Certainly there are many conceptual frameworks within which intersex can be understood but I found feminism to be useful because it addressed the core issues of what sexualities and what bodies are allowable by an androcentric technocracy and answered questions like why would doctors create non-functional female genitals in children, not bothering to determine the results of those interventions for decades. I also began to wonder why the natural biological variation of intersex, which did not actually result in socially expressed 'gender variance', was not allowed while the biological variation and socially obvious gender variance that resulted when adult men attempted to modify their bodies to become female was allowed."
"I began then in 1997 to understand transsexuality and its supporting model of 'gender identity' not as medical syndrome but as a social instrument which eradicated understanding in order to preserve social privilege".
"None of them had tried to write to me for several reasons, first was that they were not motivated to acquire any other legitimizing identity as were autogynephilic transsexuals because their social identities and personal identities were congruent. They simply seemed like normal feminine girls or women whose social ‘gender’ or what Suzanne Kessler calls ‘gender attribution’ was immediately obvious both in their appearance and behavior and required no theoretical explanation. They did not present themselves to me as intersex nor did they advocate for transsexuality to be classified as an ‘intersex condition’ because, in common with intersex children, they were a socially devalued population who were often medicalized harmfully as children."
Kiira died from cancer at age 61.
- Kiira Triea. “Power, Orgasm and the Psychohormonal Research Unit”. http://www.isna.org/books/chrysalis/triea_pru. Also in Alice Domurat Dreger (ed) Intersex in the Age of Ethics (pp. 141-144). Hagerstown, MD: University Publishing Group. 1999.
- John Colapinto. As Nature Made Him: The Boy Who Was Raised As A Girl. Toronto & New York: HarperCollins, London: Quartet xvii, 279 pp 2001: 259.
- Kiira Triea. transkids.us.
- Andrea James. “Kiira Triea (Denise Tree) and the "transkids" hoax “. Transsexual Road Map. www.tsroadmap.com/info/transkids/kiira-triea.htm.
- Andrea James. “Legal troubles for Denise Tree (aka Kiira Triea) expose more lies”. Transsexual Road Map. www.tsroadmap.com/notes/index.php/site/comments/legal_troubles_for_denise_tree_aka_kiira_triea_expose_more_lies.
- Alice Dreger. “A note on Kiira Triea’s place in the history of intersex activism”. http://alicedreger.com/kiira_triea.html.
- Andrea James. “No matter how you slice it: Parsing Alice Dreger’s self-defense”. Transsexual Road Map. www.tsroadmap.com/notes/index.php/site/comments/no_matter_how_you_slice_it_parsing_alice_dregers_self_defense.
- Sophia Siedlberg. “Treestumps and Broomsticks”. OII. Feb 16,2008. www.intersexualite.org/Treestumps.html.
- Alice Dreger. "Losing Kiira". http://alicedreger.com/losing_kiira.html.
This is an overview of Kiira. See the Andrea James pages for the details of her alternate autobiographies.
Triea, Dreger, Kessler all moved from ISNA to the Bailey camp.
Born in 1951, Triea was 61 when she died. The only photographs available are from decades ago.
11 September 2010
- Eric Haworth. "The bright promise of the professions". The Women's Globe and Mail. May 9. 1963.
- Dianna as told to Felicity Cochrane. Behold, I Am a Woman. New York: Pyramid Books, 1972.
- Leone Kirkwood. "Work described with children having 2 sexes". The Globe and Mail. Jan 27, 1973.
- Kurt Freund, E. Nagler, R. Langevin, A. Zajac, B. Steiner. "Measuring Feminine Gender Identity in Homosexual Males, Archives of Sexual Behavior, 3, 1974: 249-260.
- C Nelson, D.Paitich and B. W. Steiner. “Medicolegal Aspects of Transsexualism.” Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 21(8), Dec. 1976: 557-564.
- Betty W. Steiner, S.M. Bernstein, J.T.D. Glaister and C. Muir. "Metamorphosis: Cross-gender identity formation in females vs males". AGM. Canadian Psychiatric Association. Halifax. Oct 17-20, 1978.
- Betty W. Steiner. "From Sappho to Sand: Historical perspective on crossdressing and cross gender". Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 26, 1981: 502-6.
- Kurt Freund, Betty W. Steiner, & S. Chan, “Two types of cross-gender identity”. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11, 49–63. 1982.
- John Fitzgerald. “Transsexuals tread a path fraught with doubt, pain”. The Globe and Mail. Oct 27, 1983.
- Ray Blanchard, Leonard H. Clemmensen & Betty W. Steiner. "Gender reorientation and psychosocial adjustment in male-to-female transsexuals". Archives of Sexual Behavior, 12, 1983: 503–509.
- Ray, Blanchard, J. G. McConkey, V. Roper & Betty W. Steiner. "Measuring physical aggressiveness in heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual males". Archives of Sexual Behavior, 12, 1983: 511–524.
- Lillian Newbery. "Trans-Sexuals happier after operation, MD says". Toronto Star. Nov 27, 1984. Online at: www.tsroadmap.com/info/clarke-institute.html.
- Betty W. Steiner (ed) . Gender Dysphoria: Development, Research, Management. New York & London: Plenum Press. 1985.
- Betty Steiner. "The Management of Patients with Gender Disorders", “Transsexuals, Transvestites, and their Partners”, "A Personal Perspective". In Steiner, 1985.
- Ray Blanchard, Leonard H Clemmensen and Betty W. Steiner. “Social Desirability Response Set and Systematic Distortion in the Self-Report of Adult Male Gender Patients.”. Archives of Sexual Behavior 14(6),1985: 505-516.
- Ray Blanchard, Betty W. Steiner and Leonard H. Clemmensen, “Gender Dysphoria, Gender Reorientation, and the Clinical Management of Transsexualism.”. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 53(3), 1985: 295-304.
- R. Blanchard, I. Rachansky & B. Steiner. "Phallometric detection of fetishistic arousal in heterosexual male cross-dressers". Journal of Sex Research, 22, 1986: 452-462.
- Ray Blanchard, Leonard H. Clemmensen and Betty W.Steiner. “Heterosexual and Homosexual Gender Dysphoria.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 16(2), 1987: 139-152.
- Ray Blanchard, Betty W. Steiner, Leonard H. Clemmensen & R. Dickey. "Prediction of regrets in postoperative transsexuals". Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 1989: 43–45.
- Ray Blanchard & Betty W. Steiner (eds.). Clinical management of gender identity disorders in children and adults. : American Psychiatric Press. 1990
- Cal Miller. "Fumes kill psychiatrist, husband clings to life Car left running in garage of Rosedale home". The Toronto Star. Feb 17, 1994.
- Alan Barnes. "Andrew Conduit, 80, held top post at Reader's Digest ". The Toronto Star. Mar 03, 1994.
- Katherine Johnson and Stephanie Castle. Prisoner of Gender: A Transsexual and the System. Vancouver: Perceptions Press, 1997.
Only an MB and “I knew nothing about transsexualism”. So of course she got the top job in the Clinic.
07 September 2010
A dramatized biography of Carlotta aired on ABC television in June 2014, starring cis actor Jessica Marais.
- Carlotta with James Cockington. He did it her way: Carlotta, legend of Les Girls. Ironbark. 159 pp 1994. A biography.
- “Carlotta”. Aussie Soap Archive. members.ozemail.com.au/~fangora/carlotta.html. 2002, 2001, 2003.
- “Carlotta”. This Is Your Life. Sept 2003.
- Carlotta with Prue MacSween. I'm Not That Kind of Girl. Pan Macmillan. 2003.
- Ken Johnson. Kandy: What a drag! Sydney 2009: 15,84.
- Daphne Guinness. "The queen who makes a reluctant subject". The Sydney Morning Herald. Aug 30, 2003. www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/08/29/1062050659178.html.
- Samantha Lang (dir). Carlotta. With Jessica Marais as Carlotta. ABC television, 18 June 2014.
The Wikipedia page for Balmain does include Carlotta among its notable residents.
The Aussie Soap Archive says of Carlotta’s surgery: “She paid just $5 for the procedure - the figure was to cover the costs of the legal documents that Carlotta signed, waiving any right of recompense from the hospital should the operation go wrong. Carlotta happily went under the knife, the operation was a success, and she never regretted it.”
It is ironic that Carlotta, who pioneered trans playing trans in 1973, is portrayed by a cis actor in the 2014 biography.
05 September 2010
Crichton wrote a much cited paper on the value of Cephalo-Pelvimetry.
- Derk Crichton. "Gender reassigment surgery for male primary transsexuals". South African Medical Journal. 83, May 1993: 347-9. http://archive.samj.org.za/1993%20VOL%2083%20Jan-Dec/Articles/05%20MAY/1.15%20GENDER%20REASSIGNMENT%20SURGERY%20FOR%20MALE%20PRIMARY%20TRANSSEXUALS,%20D.Crichton.pdf.
- "Person Page – 37545". The Peerage. http://thepeerage.com/p37545.htm#i375447.
- Susanne Klausen. "Nationalism, Racism and the Struggle over Abortion in Apartheid South Africa". History at Carleton. Fall 2008. www2.carleton.ca/history/ccms/wp-content/ccms-files/Fall-Newsletter-2008.pdf.
03 September 2010
He has been writing her autobiography, Danse Sauvage.
*Not the Financial Times journalist.
- Lauren Foster interviewed by Brianna Austin. www.briannaaustin.com/photogalleries/divas/LaurenFoster/laureninterview.html.
- Lynn Conway. “Lauren’s Story”. TS Successes. 2003. http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/TSsuccesses/Lauren.htm.
01 September 2010
- Franz Ludwig von Neugebauer. Hermaphroditismus beim Menschen. Leipzig: Klinkhardt, 1908.
- Krzysztof Boczkowski. "Franciszek Neugebauer (1856-1914)--Pioneer in the Study of Hermaphroditism". Polish Medical Science and History Bulletin. 9, no. 4: 155-7, 1966.
- Alice Domurat
Dreger. Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex. Cambridge, Ma, Harvard University Press. 2000: 49, 61-3, 75, 76, 79-80, 83, 85, 90, 96, 97-8, 117-8, 146, 223n103.
It took 81 years before Hirschfeld’s Die Transvestiten was translated into English. Neugebauer’s Hermaphroditismus beim Menschen is still untranslated. While the social construction of sex has moved on and we no longer regard the gonads as the ultimate arbiter of which sex we are, his book is presumable a work of scholarship according to standards of the early 20th century and if so would be well worth reading alongside Hirschfeld and Havelock Ellis.
I have attached the category ‘sex-change doctor’ to Neugebauer in that based on a person’s gonads he told several who had been raised female, were happily so and even married as such that they were men and must switch, and vice versa.
I use the term ‘hermaphroditism’ here as that was the term used during Neugebauer’s lifetime.