Essays on trans, intersex, cis and other persons and topics from a trans perspective.......All human life is here.
This site is the most comprehensive on the web devoted to trans history and biography. Well over 1400 persons worthy of note, both famous and obscure, are discussed in detail, and many more are mentioned in passing.
There is a detailedIndexarranged by vocation, doctor, activist group etc. There is also a Place Index arranged by City etc. This is still evolving.
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While it is standard practice to mention the pre-transition name in a book-length biography, it is unusual to put the name actually in the book title. The authors below, two of them being the person discussed themselves, have different approaches, but somehow ended up doing this one thing.
This is a set not previously defined.
William Ernest Edwards. GVWW.
Farm Worker, labourer.
Marion Bill Edwards. Life and Adventures of
Camille Barbin. GVWW.
School teacher compelled to become male.
Herculine Barbin with an Introduction by Michel Foucault.
Herculine Barbin: Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth-Century
French Hermaphrodite. Harvester Press, 1980.
Harry Leo Crawford. GVWW.
Labourer, convicted of killing his wife.
Suzanne Falkiner. Eugenia, a man. Sydney: Pan Books 1988.
Michael Dillon. Doctor, world’s first surgical trans man.
Liz Hodgkinson. Michael, Née Laura: The Story of the World's First Female-to-Male Transsexual. Columbus, 1989.
(this book has recently been released with the slightly adjusted title: From a Girl to a Man: How Laura Became Michael: The Story of the World's First Female-to-Male Transsexual)
Clayton was raised in San Diego, with a defense attorney and an event planner
as parents. At age 19 she moved to New York to transition and to work as a
make-up artist. She had completion surgery with Dr Toby
Meltzer in Scottsdale in 2003, one of his first patients after he moved from
In August 2008 Jamie was dating a man who knew a columnist at the New York Observer.
This led to her coming out to the columnist and story was repeated in Gawker, and then elsewhere on
the web. She became an internet sensation and got emails from all over. She was
invited to go on The
Tyra Banks Show, and CBS News’ Logo Channel did a segment on her. After a
few months of acting classes, and meeting Laverne Cox, they co-hosted
VH1's first makeover show TRANSform Me, where three
transsexual fashion professionals came to the aid of cis women.
For a while Jamie had a problem in that known as trans, she could not get cis
parts, and yet when she went to auditions for transgender roles she would be
rejected in that she did not look the part. In December 2010 she was featured in
an article in the New York Times about an acting class for gay actors.
This led to her being cast as a secondary character in Hung, 2011, which
was primarily about a male prostitute.
She played the role of "Michelle" in the interactive web series Dirty Work.
Clayton is also a member of the performance art–rock group Roma! She now works
regularly in movies and television, and was featured in Sense8, 2015-now (directed by
and the Neon
Eleazer Ley was born in San Luis, Sonora.
His mother was Chinese, and his father half-Chinese. Shortly after birth he
developed a medical complication that the local doctors did not know how to deal
with. Despite not having the correct papers, his mother was able to take the child across the US border to a hospital in Yuma, Arizona, purely
with a doctor’s letter.
Ley grew up to be a doctor. He did undergraduate work in the US as a foreign
student, returned to Mexico for medical school, and immigrated to the US. He
worked at New York Medical College in Valhalla, NY and in the general surgery
program at the University of Arizona. He then completed a fellowship in
pediatric craniofacial plastic surgery at Primary Children’s Medical Center in
Salt Lake City. At the University of Southern California in Los Angeles he
received fellowship training in hand and microsurgery, and then returned to the
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, to complete a fellowship in plastic and
He considered extending his skills into gender surgery, and researched how
it was being done in Thailand. He had also married, and they had two daughters.
He took a position in Tucson where his wife is from. Approaching 40, Ley had 14
years of medical school, residency, and three fellowships. He opened the Ley
Institute of Plastic & Hand Surgery, LLC and the Arizona Craniofacial &
Pediatric Plastic Surgery. He also did work in Nogales, Sonora, for the border
Then Ley had a damascene moment. Helping the two daughters with nail polish, it
was suddenly apparent what was missing from life.
“It just stirred something inside of me that wouldn’t stop, this force. It
was relentless after that. My feminine side just completely came out.”
Ley transitioned and was divorced in 2015. Ellie Zara Ley had surgery from Dr
Drs Meltzer & Ley
continued discussions with her for several months and then
asked her to join his practice. She closed her Tucson practice, and moved to
Scottsdale. She shadowed Meltzer’s surgeries, and is now taking on her own
Toby Meltzer graduated in medicine and did his residency at the Louisiana
State University Charity Hospital, and then did a plastic surgery residency at
the University of Michigan. He became clinical professor of plastic surgery at
Health Sciences University (OHSU), in Portland, where he completed a
fellowship in burn injuries.
He was a year out of plastic surgery residency when two doctors, a plastic
surgeon and a urologist, about to retire, suggested that he take over their
transgender surgeries. Meltzer accepted the challenge of learning. However
because the two doctors performed such surgery only a few times per year,
Meltzer’s training consisted of observing only one surgery by each doctor. He
also traveled to Trinidad, Colorado to observe Stanley Biber. In addition, he interviewed pediatric urologists who had
worked on intersex children.
He almost gave up after his first transgender surgery discovering how much he
did not know. The patient required additional surgery, but sent a thank-you
note. He persevered, and began performing vaginoplasty at OHSU in 1993.
“Previously, my patients came to me in terrible condition after something
like a car accident, and after I had literally put the pieces of their face back
together, all they could focus on was the way they used to look, and would
complain about the little scar they had right above their lip. GRS patients are
always extremely grateful that someone is finally helping them, and it is
refreshing to feel so appreciated in my work.”
Anne Lawrence describes the technique that Meltzer was using from May 1994:
“creation of a neovagina lined with inverted penile skin, and construction of
a sensate neoclitoris from the glans penis using a dorsal neurovascular
He also performed Cricothyroid approximation (CTA) surgeries to raise the
vocal pitch, and facial feminization surgery. He is also one of just a few
surgeons in the U.S. who performs metiodioplasty (clitoral release). Unlike many
other plastic surgeries, GRS with Meltzer requires a team of several
professionals and patients are required to undergo a lengthy process, which
adheres to the WPATH standards for GRS and ancillary procedures. Patients must
see a psychologist or psychiatrist, an endocrinologist and a social worker in
addition to their work with Meltzer. They must also spend one year in therapy,
receive medically-supervised hormone therapy, and spend one year in a “real-life
test,” passing as the other gender. Meltzer will perform surgeries only after
patients have passed this “test” and have obtained a letter from a psychiatrist
saying that they are prepared for the operation.
Anne Lawrence had been able to observe Meltzer do a transgender operation.
The next year, 1995, she returned to Dr Meltzer as a patient for her own
operation, only six months after social transition. Later she published
photographs of his work on her site.
There were sometimes problems finding beds for his patients at OHSU, and in
1996, Meltzer opened his private practice at the Eastmoreland
Hospital, a 100-bed medical center also in Portland, and over the next few
years expanded to take more than 50% of the surgical workload. In the early days
of the internet word about his work spread in transgender chat rooms.
In 2002, Eastmoreland Hospital was purchased by Symphony Healthcare, a
for-profit hospital company founded in Nashville Tennessee in late 2001. Meltzer
received a certified letter advising that he would not be allowed to perform any
type of gender transition surgery after July 2002 (this was extended to December
2002), and that his patients must leave the hospital after three days. Meltzer
asked around Oregon, at hospital after hospital, but was unable to get the
hospital privileges that he required. A former patient, a doctor, suggested Scottsdale,
Arizona, and in 2003 Meltzer, his wife and three children, and four members of
his office staff, relocated there.
In 2003, Anne Lawrence published the results of a survey of 232 MtF
transsexuals who had undergone SRS with surgeon Toby Meltzer during the period
1994–2000 (Lawrence, 2003).
“I observed that about 86% of respondents had experienced one or more
episodes of autogynephilic arousal before undergoing SRS and 49% had experienced
hundreds of episodes or more. Two years later, in a second article based on data
from the same survey, I reported that 89% of the respondents classiﬁed as
nonhomosexual on the basis of their sexual partnership history reported one or
more experiences of autogynephilic arousal before undergoing SRS, vs. 40% in the
small number of respondents classiﬁed as homosexual (Lawrence, 2005); there was
evidence that some of these supposedly homosexual participants had misreported
their partnership histories and were actually nonhomosexual.”
By 2004, Symphony Healthcare was bankrupt and they sold the entire site to
Reed College for $52 million, and auctioned off everything inside the hospital.
After acquiring the property, Reed College razed the buildings.
In 2010 Rhiannon G O'Dannabhain, who had had surgery with Meltzer in 2001,
won in court against the US tax authorities to the effect that the cost of
transgender surgery was tax deductible.
A 2015 patient, Ellie Zara Lay, also an experienced surgeon, joined Meltzer’s
practice in 2016, and it is hoped will continue the practice after Dr Meltzer
Meltzer has kept a low profile in Scottsdale. He does not promote his
practice, and rarely grants media interviews, but his patients find him on the
internet. It can take up to seven months for a first meeting with him. Dr
Meltzer has done over 3,000 sex change operations. Out-of-town and
out-of-country patients account for more than 85 percent of his caseload. He
operates Monday through Thursday, with two 12-hour days, he does at least five
male-to-female and two to four female-to-male procedures each week.
István Friedman was raised by prosperous Jewish parents in Budapest. However
with the coming of anti-Semitic fascism in the 1930s, all was lost. 17-year-old István became
a legend in his family when in 1944, wearing a stolen armband of the fascist Arrow Cross, and
carrying an empty gun, he removed his parents from a holding building for Jews,
and supplied them with with false papers which enabled them to live in an
abandoned flat in Pest.
At the end of the war, István changed his surname to Faludi (Magyar for ‘of
the village’), and was part of a youth film club, and he and two other members
were able to get to Denmark, initially to replenish the Hungarian film stock.
After an idiosyncratic alteration to their passports, they were able to get
on a ship to Rio de Janeiro. Through Hungarian expatriates and luck they were
able to talk themselves into a team that did photography for the Instituto
Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, which involved journeys by canoe and
plane across the Mato
Grosso. They applied for visas to the US, but when they came through after
three years in 1953, only István used it. His childhood sweetheart had also
survived the war, and was living in New York. However on arrival he found that
she was engaged to another.
Faludi, now calling himself Steven (English for István) lived in a cheap room in the Upper West Side, and found darkroom work
for the photo departments of Manhattan advertising agencies. He met his wife
Marilyn at a Jewish émigré cocktail party in 1957. They married six weeks later
in a Reform synagogue. They acquired a house in Yorktown Heights, outside New
York City, and had a son and a daughter. From the 1960s onward Faludi largely
worked in the Condé Nast’s art production department doing difficult darkroom
alterations for the photography that appeared in Vogue, Glamour,
House & Garden, Vanity Fair, Brides. Susan Faludi (p7): “I’d
always known my father to assert the male prerogative. He had seemed
invested—insistently, inflexibly, and, in the last year of our family life,
bloodily—in being the household despot. We ate what he wanted to eat, traveled
where he wanted to go, wore what he wanted us to wear. Domestic decisions, large
and small, had first to meet his approval.”
By 1976 the Faludis were separated. Later that year he broke into Marilyn’s
house, and badly assaulted the man she had started seeing. He then claimed he
had saved his family from an intruder, and got off with a small fine. He even
claimed to be the wronged party at the divorce trial, and avoided alimony. After
the 1977 divorce, Faludi moved into a Manhattan loft that was also his
commercial photo studio.
In 1990, after the end of the Communist regime, Faludi visited his parents in
Israel, the only time that he ever did so. He then moved to Budapest. He
attempted to get the deeds of the buildings that the family used to own in
Budapest, and then attempted to reclaim the buildings, but without success.
In 2004, at age 76, Faludi, now using the name Stefánie, had vaginoplasty and breast augmentation with Dr
Kunaporn in Phuket, Thailand. At this stage she had minimal experience of
going out as a women – she had done this mainly in Vienna, rather than Budapest.
As she did not have psychologists’ letters that approved her for surgery, Faludi
wrote a letter as if from a Hungarian friend, and this was accepted by Dr
Kunaporn. She also deducted 10 years from her age, in case she was rejected for
being too old. Faludi flew out in men’s clothes and with women’s clothes for
after surgery, and with several cameras, a tripod, a videocam, a computer and
DVD player, and a suitcase full of films, music, and opera recordings. Faludi
was able to persuade Kunaporn’s staff to film the operation.
Afterwards she spent time recovering in Melanie’s Cocoon in Phuket, a
guesthouse run by Melanie Myers from Portland, Oregon, who had had the same
operation from Dr Kunaporn as well as facial feminization from Douglas Ousterhout in San Francisco, which resulted in her losing her job as a commercial printing
salesman. The guesthouse was aimed at trans women, and Mel passed her business
card to Kunaporn’s patients. Stefánie was by far the oldest guest.
As Dr Kunaporn’s Post-Operative Medical Certificate specified 1937 as birth
year, Stefánie used her professional skills to make an altered copy with the
correct birth year so that she could change her Hungarian birth certificate.
Susan and Stefánie
Later in 2004, after a quarter century of non communication, Stefánie
contacted her daughter Susan Faludi who had
become a well-known author with her books Backlash, 1991, and
Stiffed, 1999. Susan visited her father in Budapest several times, and
wrote up her discovery of he father’s womanhood and of Hungary in the 2016 book In the Darkroom.
Stefánie died at the age of 88.
Susan Faludi. In the Darkroom. Henry Holt and Company, 2016.
Marcie Bianco, Raewyn Connell, Jay Prosser, Susan Stryker & Judit
Takács. “Short Takes: Susan Faludi's In the Darkroom”. Signs Journal,
Laura Miller. “Susan and Stefánie”. The Slate Book Review, June 10,
Michelle Goldberg. “Susan Faludi’s ‘In the Darkroom’”. The New York
Times, June 16, 2016. Online.
Rachel Cooke. “In the Darkroom review – an elegant masterpiece”. The
Guardian, 19 June 2016. Online.
Kay Brown. “In the Dark Room”. On the Science of Changing Sex, June
23, 2016. Online.
Louise Adler. “In the Darkroom, Susan Faludi: dealing with Stefanie, her
father”. The Australian, September 3, 2016. Online.
Stacia Friedman. “book review: susan faludi’s ‘in the darkroom’”. Women’s
Voices for Change, October 24, 2016. Online.
While there is some information about the trans scene and persons in Hungary,
there is nothing about Hungary's best-known trans persons: the 19th-century novelist Sándor
Vay; the artist Anton
Prinner who left for Paris in 1927; Charlotte
Bach who left Hungary at about the same time as Faludi pere and became a theorist of gender. Nor is there any
mention of Desiré
Dubounet, an immigrant from the US who settled in Budapest.
A few years later Melanie reverted to being Mel so that he could marry his
Thai girlfriend and get her into the US.
In 2003, as part of the preparation to join the European Union, Hungary
passed the Equal Treatment Act. They were so eager that they added extra
categories: in addition to race, religion and sex they included ‘family status’,
‘motherhood’, ‘fatherhood’, ‘circumstances of wealth and birth’, ‘social
origin’, ‘state of health’, ‘language’, ‘part-time work status’, and ‘trade
union representatives’. They also added ‘gender identity’, which made Hungary
the first country in the world to do so. However the legislation was very far in
front of public opinion, and while gender changes are legally recognized, public
acceptance is low. Susan Faludi does not mention any case of a Hungarian trans person being able to use the law.
Susan Faludi, as is to be expected, gives a potted history of trans surgery.
Then very briefly, p151, she brings in Michael
Bailey and takes his side. Transgender activists ‘hounded’ him and his
supporters. Why they would do so is not explained. Susan has entered an ongoing controversy and given only one side. She is, of course, on thin
ice here. If she thinks that Bailey’s position is defensible or even cogent,
then she must think that her father was an autogynephile, but she quite avoids saying so. Kay Brown
of course makes this explicit, and reasonably complains that she leaves “the
reader with the notion that perhaps ALL MTF transfolk are like her father” - but then it is probably true that most biographies of their nature present their protagonist as some kind of exemplar.
Stefánie Faludi was a photographer. There are a lot of descriptions in the book of photographs, but the book itself contains no photographs at all except for one of the author on the back flap.
Twice in the book, Susan tells us why we say Hallo on the phone: “Hallo. As
my father liked to note, the telephone salutation was the coinage of Thomas
Edison’s assistant, Tivadar Puskás, the inventor of the phone exchange, who, as
it happened, was Hungarian. ‘Hallom!’ Puskás had shouted when he first picked up
the receiver in 1877, Magyar for ‘I hear you!’.” I was unable to confirm
Sarah Withers married a farm labourer, William Holtom at the age of 18.
However Sarah felt quite wrong in the situation, and after two years left. “The
idea struck me that it would help me if I dressed as a man, as I did not like
the idea of domestic service. I spent the few shillings I possessed in buying
men’s clothing, and then tramped to Birmingham.” The one thing that Sarah took
from the matrimonial home was her husband’s name. Sarah was now William
In 1924 William Holtom was working on a coal wharf in Birmingham where he met
Mabel, the sister of his employer. He was already living with a woman, and Mabel
had a young daughter. They met again in Worcester, where Mabel was in service.
Although he refused to marry her, they both left their existing partners and set
up common-law in Evesham,
William worked as a coal heaver, a cow-man, a road mender and a timber
haulier. In the latter he had been employed taking large trees from the Cotswold
hills, driving four or six shire horses. In 1927 his best workmate was killed
under the wagon that he was driving, and his nerves went to pieces. This led to
his quitting that work. After medical treatment he worked as a navvy in a team
building a bridge. He also did odd jobs and repaired boots.
William smoked the extra-strong Black Twist, specially ordered by the local
tobacconist. He drank cider, and went with mates from the pub to the English
Football Cup Final. He was also a thoughtful and considerate husband and father.
In 1928 Mr and Mrs Holtom had a baby son, whom they named William after his
father. In April 1929 the Colonel
Barker story was prominently in the newspapers, and Holtom expressed
indignation at the masquerade.
However two weeks later, Holtom was taken ill, and admitted to the Evesham
Poor Law Hospital men’s ward with enteric fever. He was then 42. This led to a
discovery of strapping around his chest, and he was hastily transferred to the
women’s ward. The story was quickly picked up by the local, and then the
national press. He was moved to a private ward for privacy.
As William recovered, the police considered charging Mabel with making a
false statement to the Registrar of Births and Deaths at Evesham with regard to
the father of her second child. Holtom, under the name Sarah Holtom, was called
as a witness before Evesham Borough Police Court and admitted that he did not
know who the father was. Mabel appeared at the Birmingham Assizes 11 July and
plead guilty. The court heard that her estranged husband, abandoned five years
before, was willing to take her back, if he could find work where they were not
known. Mabel was bound over in the sum of £30 ‘to be of good behaviour for two
“An Evesham ‘Col Barker’: A Man-Woman
Timber Haulier”. Evesham
Journal, 11 May
“Another Man-Woman: Amazing Fortitude of
Masquerader”. News of the
World, 12 May
“Man-Woman’s Pose for 15 Years”.
The People, 12 May 1929:3.
Rose Collis. Colonel Barker's monstrous regiment: a tale of
female husbandry. Virago, 2001:
Alison Oram. Her Husband was a Woman!: Women's gender-crossing
in modern British popular culture.
Routledge, 2007: 1-2, 68-73.
The spelling of William's name varies. Oram settled on Holton, Collis on Holtom.
Bobby was born in a small fishing village in Scotland. At the age of nine he
was put in a children’s home when his mother came down with Huntington’s
Chorea, a genetic condition for which there is no cure. She died of the
condition. Bobby left the home at 15, and found out that his elder brother had
contracted the disease. Later he died also.
By 1970 Bobbi was in London, living mainly as female, a declared lesbian,
and after discovering the newly established Gay Liberation Front, promptly
joined, and attended the Women’s Group meetings. She made a living turning
tricks on Park Lane.
At a women’s commune, Bobbi met the artist and film maker Mair Davies.
Bobbi made a pass at Mair, but explained that she was transsexual and that they
would have to wait until after her operation. Several of the women in the group
made it clear that Bobbi was not welcome. Later Mair attended a gay event where
Bobbi did a striptease and, because she was so feminine, the crowd gasped when
she revealed her genitals. Mair went on a date with Bobbi, and they were kicked
out of the pub after kissing.
Another friend was Bob
Mellors, one of the founders of London GLF and who was also associated with
Bach who was writing a book arguing that the transsexual urge is the key to
human evolution. Influenced by both women, Mellors became fascinated by
transsexuality and wrote a couple of theoretical books on the subject.
At some point Bobbi went through a crisis and had her breasts removed. Bobbi started confusing Mair by wearing male clothing, usually leather trousers and a
t-shirt, which she described as ‘drag’, also saying that she was ‘heterosexual’
– and as such fancied Mair. Mair even took Bobbi to her home in Wales where
they met her husband. They last saw each other in 1976.
Bobbi regained her breasts, but this time by implants.
Bob Mellors starting visiting with Mair, but never mentioned that he also was
a friend of Bobbi.
Bobbi was diagnosed with Huntington’s
Chorea in 1978. She chose to end her life 1987 at the age of 38 by jumping
from a high window. Her body was cremated by Social Services at Kensel Green
Cemetary, and only her probation officer attended. Mair did not find out about her death until years later. An open verdict was
returned. As nobody claimed the ashes within twelve months they were scattered
among the other graves as per standard practice.
Lisa Power. No Bath But Plenty of Bubbles: An Oral History of the Gay
Liberation Front 1970-3. Cassell, 1995: 244.