This site is the most comprehensive on the web devoted to trans history and biography. Well over 1700 persons worthy of note, both famous and obscure, are discussed in detail, and many more are mentioned in passing.

There is a detailed Index arranged by vocation, doctor, activist group etc. There is also a Place Index arranged by City etc. This is still evolving.

In addition to this most articles have one or more labels at the bottom. Click one to go to similar persons. There is a full list of labels at the bottom of the right-hand sidebar. There is also a search box at the top left. Enjoy exploring!

Books online

Books of interest to readers of this Blog that can be found online.

See also:

Rare Books at Digital Transgender Archive  

Internet Archive (Transvestism)

Lili Elbe Digital Archive   (

Lili-Elbe-Bibliothek    (


The Tryals of Captain John Rackam, and other Pirates.  Robert Baldwin, 1721.    PDF.  The Original account of Mary Read and Anne Bonny. 

Captain Charles Johnson, A general history of the robberies and murders of the most notorious pyrates : and also their policies, discipline and government, from their first rise and settlement in the island of Providence ... With the remarkable actions and adventures of the two female pyrates, Mary Read and Anne Bonny. To which is prefix'd an account of the famous Captain Avery. Ch Rivington 1724.  Online.  

Fréderic Gaillardet. Mémoires du Chevlier d’Eon, publiés pour la première fois sur les papiers fournis par sa famille . .. 2 vols, 700 pages, Chez Ladvocat, 1836.  Online.    The supposed memoirs, but padded with extremely unlikely escapades such as affairs with Madame de Pompadour, the Empress Elizabeth of the Russias and the wife of George III of England.

Elsa Jane Guerin. Mountain Charley, or the Adventures of Mrs. E. J. Guerin, who was Thirteen Years in Male Attire: An Autobiograohy Comprising a Period of Thirteen Years Life in The States,  California, and Pikes’s Peak. Dubuque, 1861.  Online.

Louis Jourdon.  Un hermaphrodite.  E Dentu, 1861.  A pirated and abridged version of Gaillardet, 1836 retaining all the fictional bits.  Online

Fréderic Gaillardet. Mémoires sur la Chevalière d'Eon, avec son portrait d'après Latour. La vérité sur les mystères de sa vie d'après des documents authentiques.  Paris, 1866.  Online.  Jourdon’s pastiche inspired Gaillardet to write a proper biography without the fictions.   However both the Gaillardet family reprint in 1935 and the Antonia White 1971 translation used the 1836 edition.  

J Buchan Telfer.  The Strange Career of the Chevalier D’Eon de Beaument. Longmans, Green and Co, 1885.  Online

Ernest A. Vizetelly. The True Story of the Chevalier d'Eon: : his experiences and his metamorphoses in France, Russia, Germany and England, told with the aid of state & secret papers.  Tylston and Edwards and A.P. Marsden, 1895.  Online

Cesare Taruffi. Ermafroditiso ed agenosoma. Bologna, 1903. Online

Magnus Hirschfeld. Geschlechtsübergänge : Mischungen männlicher und weiblicher Geschlechtscharaktere ; (sexuelle Zwischenstufen) ; erweiterte Ausgabe eines auf der 76. Naturforscherversammlung zu Breslau gehaltenen Vortrages.  Leipzig : Verl. der Monatsschrift für Harnkrankheiten und Sexuelle Hygiene, Malende, 1906.  PDF

Richard von Krafft-Ebing.   Psychopathia sexualis mit Besonderer Berücksichtigung der Konträren Sexualempfindung .  Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, 1907.  Online

Iwan Bloch, . Das Sexualleben Unserer Zeit in Seinen Beziehungen Zur Modernen Kultur. Berlin: Marcus, 1909. Online.

Xavier Mayne. The Intersexes: A History of Similisexualism as a Problem in Social Life.   1910.  Online.  

Bram Stocker. Famous Impostors. Sidgwick & Jackson, 1910. Online.    

Magnus Hirschfeld. Die Transvestiten: eine Untersuchung über den erotischen Verkleidungstrieb mit umfangreichem casuistischen und historischen Material. Alfred Pulvermacher & Co., 1910 PDF

Octave Homberg & Fernand Jousselin, translated into English by Alfred Rieu,  D’Eon de Beaumont: His Life and Times.  Martin Secker, 1911.   Online.

Magnus Hirschfeld & Max Tike. Der erotische Verkleidungstrieb (Die Transvestiten). Alfred Pulvermacher & Co, 1912. PDF

Earl Lind.  Autobiography of an Androgyne.  The Medico-legal Journal, 1918.  Online

Magnus Hirschfeld. Sexualpathologie : Ein Lehrbuch für Ärzte und Studierende. 2. Teil: Sexuelle Zwischenstufen: Das männliche Weib und der weibliche Mann. Marcus & Webers Verleag,1918.   Online.  This is volume II, which include most of the material about sexual intermediaries.

Earl Lind/Ralph Werther.  The female-impersonators : a sequel to the Autobiography of an androgyne and an account of some of the author's experiences during his six years' career as instinctive female-impersonator in New York's underworld.   The Medico-legal Journal, 1922.   Online 

Richard von Krafft-Ebing.  Psychopathia Sexualis, with Especial Reference to the Antipathic Sexual Instinct: A Medico-Forensic Study.  Medical Art Agency, 1922.   Online.   

Ralph Pettow.  Der krankhafte Verkleidungstrieb: Beiträge zur Erforschung der Transvestie.   Johannes Baum Verlag, 1922. Online

N.E. Ishlondsky. Artificial rejuvenation and voluntary change of sex: according to professor
Steinach. Toodwood Publishing co, 1926. Online.

Oscar Paul Gilbert. Men in Women's Guise.  John Lane the Bodley Head, 1926.  Online.  

Oscar Paul Gilbert. Women in Men's Guise.  John Lane the Bodley Head, 1932.  Online.   

A.P. Cawadias.   Hermaphroditos: The Human Intersex.  William Heinmenn, 1946.  Online.

Arthur Koestler & Norman Haire. Sexual anomalies : the origins, nature and treatment of sexual disorders. A summary of the works of Magnus Hirschfeld, comp. as a humble memorial by his pupils. A textbook for the medical and legal professions, ministers, educators, psychologists, biologists, sociologists and social workers, criminologists and students in these fields.  Emerson Books Inc, 1948.  Online.    Discussion

E. Carlton Winford. Femme Mimics. Winford Company. 1954.  Online.

Tamara Reese. "Reborn": a factual life story of a transition from male to female.  Irene Lipman. 1955. Online

CJ Bulliet.  Venus Castina : famous female impersonators, celestial and human.   Bonanza Books, 1956.  Online

Edward Podolsky & Carlson Wade.  Transvestism Today. Epic Publishing, 1960.   PDF.  

Leonard Wheeler, as told to Larry Maddock.  Sex life of a transvestite.  KDS PUblishing, 1964. Online.

Transvestism Around the World.  S-K Press, 1964.   Online.

Chris Shaw & Arthur Oates. A Pictorial History of the Art of Female
Impersonation. London: King-Shaw Productions. 1966.

Harry Benjamin. The Transsexual Phenomenon. New York: Julian Press, 1966. Warner Books, 1977.  PDF

Jan Walinder.  Transsexualism: A Study of Forty Three Cases. Goteborg: Scandinavian University Books, 1967.    Online.

Avery Willard. Female Impersonation. New York: Regiment Publications. 95 pp

Gay Liberation Front Manifesto, 1971.  Online.  

Dianna Boileau. as told to Felicity Cochrane.  Behold I am a Woman.   Pyramid Books, 1972.  Online. 

Duncan Fallowell & April Ashley. April Ashley's Odyssey. London: Jonathan Cape viii, 287 pp 1982. London: Arrow 1983.

Yvonne Sinclair. Transvestism within a partnership of marriage and families London: Transvestite/Transsexual Group (UK), 1984. Online.

Rosemary Pardoe & Darroll Pardoe. The Female Pope: the Mystery of Pope Joan: the First Complete Documentation of the Facts behind the Legend. Wellingborough: Crucible 1988

Sandy Stone.   The 'Empire' Strikes Back: A PostTranssexual Manifesto. 2003  PDF

Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community: A study of kothi and hijra sex workers in Bangalore, India - September 2003.   PDF

Christina Annalena Eckert. The Historicisation of the Hermaphroditic/Intersexed Body: From Medicalisation to De-Medicalisation.  MA thesis.  University of Essex.  2003.  PDF.

Michael Bailey.  The Man who would be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transsexualism.  Joseph Henry Press, 2003.  PDF

Christine Johnson.  Transsexualism: An Unacknowledged Endpoint of Development Endocrine Disruption.  MES Thesis.  Evergreen State College.  2004.   PDF

Adela Vazquez illustrated by Jaimie Cortez.  Sexile.  A trans autobiogrpahy in the form of a graphic novel.

Joshua Mira Goldberg.  Trans People in the Criminal Justice System.  The Women/Trans Dialogue Planning Committee, the Justice Institute of BC, and the Trans Alliance Society, 2004.  PDF.

Aaron Lee Bachhofer.  The Emergence and Evolution of the Gay and Bisexual Male Subculture in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1889-2005.  PhD Oklahoma State University, 2006.  PDF.

Helen Savage. Changing Sex?: Transsexuality and Christian Theology. University of Durham PhD Thesis, 2006. PDFReview.

Kristen Loehr. Transvestites in Buenos Aires: Prostitution, Povery & Policy. MA thesis Georgetown University & Universidad de San Martin. 2007.   Online.

Robert S. Hill.  ‘As a man I exist; as a woman I live’: Heterosexual Transvestism and the Contours of Gender and Sexuality in Postwar America.  PhD Dissertation.  University of Michigan 2007. Online.

Stephen Whittle & Lewis Turner.  '' 'Sex Changes'? Paradigm Shifts in 'Sex' and 'Gender' Following the Gender Recognition Act?".  Sociological Research Online, 12,1, 2007.  Online.

Stephen Whittle, Lewis Turner & Maryam Al-Alami, with Em Rundall & Ben Thom.  Engendered Penalties: Transgender and Transsexual People's Experiences of Inequality and Discrimination.  The Equalities Review, 2007.    PDF.

Stephen Whittle, Lewis Turner, Ryan Combs, Stephenne Rhodes.  Transgender EuroStudy: Legal Survey and Focus on the Transgender Experience of Health Care.  ILGE-Euope & TGEU, April 2008.  PDF

Karen Saunders.  Queer Intercorporeality: Bodily Disruption of Straight Space.  PhD Dissertation.  University of Canterbury, Christchurch, 2008.     PDF

Wiktor Dynarski.  The history of transgender activism in Poland.  2009.   PDF.

Richard Evans.  A Philosophical Exploration of Transsexuality.  PhD Thesis, University of Birmingham, June 2009.   PDF

Transsexual People in Germany.   Aktion Transsexualitat und Menschenrecht, 2010    PDF.

Cecilia Dhejne, Paul Lichtenstein, Marcus Boman, Anna L. V. Johansson, Niklas Långström, and Mikael Landén.  Long-Term Follow-Up of Transsexual Persons Undergoing Sex Reassignment Surgery: Cohort Study in SwedenOnline.

Jaime M. Grant, Lisa A. Mottet, Justin Tanis with Jack Harrison, Jody L. Haerman & Mara Kesiling. Injustice at Every Turn: A Report of the Transgender Discrimination Survey. Washington: National Center for Transgender Equality & National Gay & Lesbian Task Force, 2012. Download

Lee Robert Jack Middlehurst.  Reconceiving Cross-Dressing: Transphobia and Support for MTF Transgender People Socialising in Manchester's Gay Village.  Manchester Metropolitan University PhD Thesis.  PDF.

Clare R Tebbutt.  Popular and Medical Understandings of Sex Change in 1930s Britain.   PhD thesis, University of Manchester, 2014.  PDF.

Karen Jane Brown.  Intersex, Discrimination and the Healthcare Environment – a Critical Investigation of Current English Law.   PhD thesis, London Metropolitan University, 2016.  PDF.

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