Fonseca then took the name Carlos Alberto Fonseca, wore men's clothes and cut his hair short. Carlos Fonesco became a major Peruvian poet in the 1930s and 1940s. He also wrote journalism and was was awarded literary prizes.
In 1955 he published poems as Nelly Fonseca.
Around 1960, after being operated upon for a tumour, Fonesco returned to dressing as a woman.
* Not Carlos Alberto Fonseca Amador, the Sandinista.