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09 August 2015

Joe Carstairs: bibliography

Part I: youth and war
Part II: powerboat racer
Part III: Lord of the island

The key text is the book by Kate Summerscale, which I have high-lighted below.  Carstairs was a media personality from 1925 till at least 1945.   A quick search produced the rather long list of newspaper articles, but that is far from complete.  In particular the UK newspaper articles are missing.

There are a few oddities in Summerscale’s generally good book:
  1. she describes Beatrice Lillie as a celebrated male impersonator.  Lillie was a performer, and did some drag, but it was only a minor part of her repertoire.
  2. she identifies the Bahamas as British West Indies, but it is only part;
  3. she gives prices in the Bahamas in the 1930s in dollars but it used the pound until 1966.
  4. refers to the author of the novel Saturday Island, Hugh Brooke, as Tim Brooke.  Google this title and author name and you find only Summerscale’s book.  

However google Hugh Brooke and you find that he wrote the novel.

  • Serge Voronoff & Evelyn Bostwick. Accélération intensive du bourgeonnement des plaies par la pulpe testiculaire: Étude expérimentale faite a la station physiologique du Collège de France. Paris: A. Maloine et fils, 1919.
  • Serge Voronoff,, Evelyn Bostwick Voronoff, Édouard Retterer & Adolph Elwyn. Life; A Study of the Means of Restoring Vital Energy and Proloning Life. New York: E. P. Dutton & company, 1920.
  • "BRITISH RECORD CONFIRMED; Miss Carstairs Granted Mark of 39.7 Knots for 1 1/2 Litre Boats". New York Times, December 29, 1926.
  • "DETROIT REGATTA DRAWS EUROPEANS; France, England, Germany and Canada Will Send Speed Boats to Sept. 3-6 Races. MISS CARSTAIRS TO DRIVE Noted British Woman Pilot Will Handle Newg in 1 1/2-Litre Class -- News of Other Water Races". New York Times, July 10, 1927.
  • "SEA SPEED BOAT TEST SOON; Craft of Miss Carstairs for 90-Hour Atlantic Crossing Almost Ready". New York Times, February 28, 1928.
  • "OCEAN MOTOR BOAT BUILT.; Miss Carstairs Will Soon Test Craft for 60-Hour Crossing". New York Times, April 18, 1928.
  • "New British Boats Fastest in World: Miss Betty Carstairs Determined to Recapture Harmsworth Cup". The Globe, Jun 1 1928.
  • "MISS CARSTAIRS OUT, CUP RACE IN DOUBT; British Entry Withdraws From Harmsworth Trophy Speed Boat Test at Detroit. CHALLENGE CRAFT UNFIT "Will Not Uphold Prestige of Great Britain," Says Miss Carstairs --May Cancel Event". New York Times, July 22, 1928.
  • "MISS CARSTAIRS SAILS FOR AMERICA AUG 18; Announces Final Decision to Race Speedboat in International Races of Detroit". New York Times, August 11, 1928.
  • "BRITISH GIRL DRIVER ARRIVES FOR RACES; Miss Carstairs and Speedboat Ready for International Series at Detroit". New York Times, August 25, 1928.
  • "SAY ESTELLE IV CAN DO 105 MILES AN HOUR; British Hope Triple Screwed Speedboat Will Give Record to Miss Carstairs". New York Times, July 19, 1929.
  • "AGAIN BOOK ENTRY OF MISS CARSTAIRS; Detroit Officials Reinstate Challenger From England forHarmsworth Boat Trophy". New York Times, July 29, 1928.
  • "Miss Carstairs Out of Boat Race". New York Times, August 01, 1928.
  • "U.S.-BRITISH BOATS TO RACE AT DETROIT; Miss Carstairs, Challenger for Harmsworth Trophy, Decides Not to Withdraw. EAST CHESTER CLUB FORMED First Series of Outboard Races to Be Run Today--Greenwood Lake Regatta Also Takes Place Today". New York Times, August 05, 1928.
  • "Miss Carstairs on Way Here; Bringing Speed Boat for Race". New York Times, August 19, 1928.
  • "U.S.- BRITISH CRAFT TO RACE SATURDAY; Miss Carstairs and Her Speed Boat Ready for Harmsworth Trophy Series. U.S. BEATEN ONLY TWICE Successful Seven Times In International Event--America FirstChallenged In 1907. Challenger 21 Feet Long. Second Heat Sept". New York Times, August 26, 1928.
  • "Miss Carstairs in Detroit For Speedboat Title Race". New York Times, August 28, 1928.
  • "U.S. SPEEDBOAT TESTS GET UNDER WAY TODAY; Team to Be Picked to Race Miss Carstairs, British Challenger-- Gar Wood May Not Compete. Gar Wood May Not Race". New York Times, Aug 29, 1928.
  • "CARSTAIRS CRAFT SINKS DURING RACE; English Girl Saved in First Test for Harmsworth Trophy, Won by Miss America VII. HER MCHANIC BADLY HURT 150,000 See Mishap, Which Occurs When British Speedboat Is Leading at Detroit. Bosts Off to Flying Start. Wood's". New York Times, September 02, 1928.
  • "GREENING CAPTURES MOTOR BOAT TITLE; Canadian Takes North American Championship, Winning2d Straight Heat.MISS CARSTAIRS INJURED: Found to Have Suffered Two Fractured Ribs--Her Sunken Craft Is Located in Detroit River". New York Times, September 03, 1928.
  • "GAR WOOD RETAINS SPEEDBOAT TROPHY; Takes 2d Heat of Harmsworth Classic--Miss Los Angeles Is Capsized. MISS CARSTAIRS TO RETURN British Girl, Eliminated When Boat Sank in First Heat, Challenges Again. Yachting Body Gets Challenge. Miss Los Angeles Upsets". New York Times, September 04, 1928.
  • "$100,000 SPEED BOAT FOR MISS CARSTAIRS; Englishwoman Plans to Challenge Again for Harmsworth International Trophy.SECRETLY BUILDING RACERCraft to Have 3,000 Horsepower andDevelop 140-Mile-an-HourMaximum Speed". New York Times, April 05, 1929.
  • "'FASTEST' BOAT OFF FOR AMERICA TODAY; Miss Carstair's Estelle IV, Built Secretly at Cowes, to Be Shipped on Arabic. HAS THREE NAPIER ENGINES 105 Miles an Hour Expected of Craft Which Will Race at Detroit Next Month. Five Feet of Driving Room. Weight of Boat Five Tons". New York Times, July 20, 1929.
  • "'FASTEST' MOTORBOAT LAUNCHED AT COWES; Will Be Driven by Miss Carstairs in Harmsworth Trophy and Other U.S. Races". New York Times, July 17, 1929.
  • "Miss Carstairs's Speedboat Reaches Canada From England". New York Times, July 30, 1929.
  • "Boat Which Miss Carstairs Will Race in U.S. Has 3,400-Pound Hull, 3 Engines of 1,000 H.P.". New York Times, August 01, 1929.
  • "MISS CARSTAIRS HERE TO RACE SPEED BOAT; British Motor Pilot Will Oppose Gar Wood Craft at Detroit on Labor Day". New York Times, August 02, 1929.
  • "on Shrewsbury River, Aug. 24 and 25, Attract Some Noted Speed Boats. SECRECY VEILS ESTELLE IV Reputed to Have Cost Miss Carstairs $100,000 to Build--NewRules for President's Cup". New York Times, August 11, 1929.
  • "Fourth Speed Boat Is Entered For Harmsworth Trophy Event". New York Times, August 26, 1929.
  • "ESTELLE IV AT RACE SCENE.; British Speedboat Is Lowered Into the Detroit River". New York Times, August 27, 1929.
  • "One of Motors of Estelle IV Removed; Boat Overpowered". New York Times, August 28, 1929.
  • "MISS CARSTAIRS TESTS SPEEDBOAT; Makes Fast Run in Estelle IV and Expresses Delight at Its Speed". New York Times, August 29, 1929.
  • "ENGLISH SPEEDBOAT DAMAGED IN TRIAL; Miss Carstairs's Estelle IV Has Shaft Torn Loose Speeding 60 Miles an Hour. TO REPAIR BOAT AT ONCE Snoddy, Stricken With Typhoid Fever, Forced to Withdraw From the Race". New York Times, August 30, 1929.
  • "HARMSWORTH RACE AT DETROIT TODAY; Four Speed Boats to Engage in First Test of Classic Before Crowd of 150,000. DECIDING RACE ON MONDAY Estelle IV, British Boat, Is Ready After Accident--New World's Record Is Expected. Has Shown Its Speed. How Craft are Painted All Boats Go Well". New York Times, August 31, 1929.
  • "CRAFT DISABLED Miss Carstairs Leaves Course and Is Disqualified From the Harmsworth Trophy Series. MISS LOS ANGELES IS OUT Motors Fall and She Is Ordered Off --Victor Sets Mark and Wins by 12 Inches. Out of the Series. Miss Carstairs Out First. Race Starts". New York Times, September 01, 1929.
  • "Six Foreign Boats Will Seek Harmsworth Trophy Next Year". New York Times, September 03, 1929.
  • "MISS AMERICA VIII WINS AND SETS MARK; Gar Wood's Speedboat Takes Final Harmsworth Trophy Heat on Detroit River. AVERAGE SPEED IS 75.287 Miss America VII Second, Estelle IV Third, Los AngelesLast Over 30 Miles. 500,000 AT THE REGATTA See Wood's Two Boats Leave Britishand Coast Entry Far Behind in Classic Event. Has Twin Packard Motors. Conditions Were Ideal.". New York Times, September 03, 1929.
  • "Entry in Harmsworth Trophy Event. 5 BOATS EXPECTED IN RACE Prince Ruspoli of Italy and Miss Carstairs Will Also Challenge Gar Wood Craft Here. Miss Carstairs to Build Boat. Marquis to Accompany Prince". New York Times, November 27, 1929.
  • "Speed-Boat Record Is Aim of Miss Carstairs, Who is Working on Design of New Craft". New York Times, December 10, 1929.
  • "DEATH TO BRANCH OF TREE; Experts Reveal Waterlogged Limb Was Picked Up on Speedboat's Path. SPEED 119.6 MILES AN HOUR Betty Carstairs, Undaunted by the Disaster, Sails to Race for England at Detroit Girl Racer Is Undaunted". New York Times, June 15, 1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs, Here for Speed Boat Races, Says It Will Be Her Last Harmsworth Effort". New York Times, June 22, 1930.
  • "Players of the Game; Miss Marion B. Carstairs--Speed Boat Racer Is Building Three-Master. Drove Ambulance in War. Lived in New York City. Harmsworth Trophy Her Aim. Will Drive Estelle IV. Enjoys Being a Sailor". New York Times, June 23, 1930.
  • "Contest to Get Under Way at 1 P.M. From Colonial Club. LOYNES GOLD CUP ENTRANT Has Entered Speed Boat Californian --Miss Carstairs to Begin Tests Next Week. Keen Battle for Gold Cup. To Have Two Napier Motors". New York Times, June 29,1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs Drives Boat 70 Miles an Hour in Cup Test". New York Times, July 05, 1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs's Craft Goes 80 Miles an Hour in Test". New York Times, July 12, 1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs Drives Boat At 90 Miles an Hour in Canada". New York Times, July 15, 1930.
  • "90 AN HOUR SPEED BY MISS CARSTAIRS; British Hope for Harmsworth Trophy Races Sends Estelle IV Through Trial. MANY BOATS LINE COURSE Pleasure Craft on Lake at Gravenhurst Handicap Test--Performance Considered Satisfactory". New York Times, July 17, 1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs to Seek Record; Hopes to Go 100 Miles an Hour". New York Times, August 03, 1930.
  • "Miss Carstairs Speeds 94.5 An Hour With the Estelle V". New York Times, August 14, 1930.
  • "HARMS WORTH RACE STARTS SATURDAY; Wood to Defend Famous Trophy Against Miss Carstairs, English Challenger. GREAT CROWD IS EXPECTED Each Entrant Will Have Two Speed Boats--Regatta Off Detroit to Continue Through Sept. 2. Wood Taking No Chances. Drivers". New York Times, August 24, 1930.
  • "HARMSWORTH RACE AT DETROIT TODAY; Gar Wood's 3 Miss Americas to Start Defense of Trophy Against Miss Carstairs. EXPECT 90 AN HOUR SPEED British Challenger to Drive the Estelle IV--Also Represented by the Estelle V". New York Times, August 30, 1930.
  • "WOOD WINS 1ST HEAT IN SPEED BOAT RACE; Finishes 2 Miles in Front of Miss Carstairs in Harmsworth Trophy Event. GEORGE WOOD IS SECOND English Girl, Driving Estelle IV, Trails, but Keeps On--200,000 Witness Contest.ESTELLE V IS FORCED OUT Victor at Wheel". New York Times, August 31, 1930.
  • "HARMS WORTH RACE CONTINUES TODAY; Miss Carstairs, With One Boat Left, Has Almost Impossible Task Against Wood. TWO RACERS IN MISHAPS Phantom Overturns and Miss Britain 1 Has Engine Trouble in Event for 5 -Liter Craft. Hawker Passed Gar Wood. Patrol Boat". New York Times, September 01, 1930.
  • "BOAT FORCED OUT Hawker at the Wheel in Place of Miss Carstairs, Who Sees Race From Stands. GEORGE WOOD IS SECOND Phil, Third Brother of Famous Family, Finishes Third, Two Miles Behind. Miss Carstairs a Spectator. Wood Soon Draws Away. Scott-Payne's Craft". New York Times, September 02, 1930.
  • "DON WILL COMPETE IN ITALIAN REGATTA; Miss Carstairs Also to Drive in Cup Test in May--Wood Decides Not to Enter". New York Times, April 12, 1931.
  • "Miss Carstairs Just Escapes Serious Injury as Boat Sinks". New York Times, July 24, 1931.
  • "Miss Carstairs Arrives". New York Times, August 22, 1931.
  • "Betty Carstairs Buys Isle, To Flee From British Taxes". New York Times, Sept 28, 1934.
  • "Miss Carstairs, Here, Silent on Buying Isle; But British Racer Admits She is Retiring and Going to Whale Cay in the Bahanas". New York Times, October 06, 1934.
  • "Betty Carstairs Gets Aid to Yacht; Radio Station on the Former Speedboat Racer's Bahamian Isle Intercepts S O S". New York Times, December 09, 1937.
  • Molly Coleclough. Women's Legion, 1916-1920, etc. With plates, including portraits. Spearman, 1940.
  • "Betty Carstairs' Island: Racing Queen Rules her Private Bahama". Life, 17 Feb 1941: 66-71. Online.
  • "Raps Whale Cay legend: Bahamian Says Betty Carstairs' Rule Exaggerated". The Montreal Gazette, Sep 5, 1941: 9. Online.
  • "Chicago Sailor's Saga Of 32 Days On A Life Raft". Chicago Tribune, August 15, 1942.
  • "Speedboat Star Operates War-Essential Cargo Fleet". The Globe and Mail, May 22, 1944.
  • Erich Maria Remarque. Arch of Triumph. Appleton-Century, 1945.
  • "Miss Carstairs Files First Papers". New York Times, October 21, 1945.
  • "The Love Lives of Marlene Dietrich". Confidential Magazine, 3,3, July 1955: 21-5.
  • Peter Heaton. Yachting: A Pictorial History. Viking Press, 1973: 92.
  • Barbara Grier & Coletta Reid. Lesbian Lives: Biographies of Women from the Ladder. Diana Press, 1976: 104-5.
  • Maria Riva,. Marlene Dietrich. Ballantine Books, 1994: 485.
  • Kate Summerscale. The Queen of Whale Cay. London: Fourth Estate 248 pp 1997.
  • Diana McLellan. The Girls: Sappho Goes to Hollywood. LA Weekly Books, 2000: 233, 245-6, 253, 256, 290, 355.
  • Joan Schenkar. Truly Wilde: The Unsettling Story of Dolly Wilde, Oscar's Unusual Niece. Basic Books, 2000: 86-8, 129, 237, 296, 410.
  • Terry Castle. "If Everybody had a Wadley" in Boss Ladies, Watch Out!: Essays on Women, Sex and Writing. Routledge, 2002: 215-224.
  • James P Barry. American Powerboats: The Great Lakes' Golden Years 1882-1984. Motorbooks, 2003: 31, 33, 34, 36.
  • Kevin Desmond. Race Against the Odds: The Tragic Success Story of "Miss England II". Sigma Leisure, 2004: 17, 41, 89, 96.
  • John Harding. "Shingled Girl Beats German" in Sailing's Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Stories From Over Nine Hundred Years of Sailing. Anova Books, 2004:
  • Bruce Cumings. Dominion from Sea to Sea: Pacific Ascendancy and American Power. Yale University Press, 2010: 498.
  • Kathryn Livingston. Lilly: Palm Beach, Tropical Glamour, and the Birth of a Fashion Legend. Wiley, 2012: 43-4,47.  About Joe's cousin, Lilly Pulitzer. 
  • Roy Calley. The World Water Speed Record: The Fast and the Forgotten. Amberley, 2014:
  • "Duke of York Trophy". Fast On Water.
EN.Wikipedia     glbtq    LGBThistoryUK

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