At age 19 Leonhard was sent to a psychiatric hospital after being found by mother in bed with a Jamaican dancer, but escaped and fled to Paris, where, known as Nanny, she found work as a performer in Le Carrousel, and elsewhere. She became known for her Marlene Dietrich impersonation.
After more wandering in Nice, Berlin and Antwerp, Aaïcha returned to Amsterdam, acquired black-market female hormones and made a living as a prostitute, despite police harassment. They would confiscate the clothes that she was wearing, even underwear, even trousers without a fly, on the grounds that such clothes were forbidden to men, and send her home naked. She had repeatedly to buy replacement clothing and to pay fines.
Nanny had confirmation surgery in 1972.
“Veel later zag ik foto's van een dergelijke operatie. Ze joegen me de stuipen op het lijf.” (Much later I saw pictures of such an operation. They filled me with fear.)She closed up after the first operation in Amsterdam, and was operated on again in England two years later. She then changed her name to Aaïcha Bergamin.
She went on to marry four times, the last, when she was in her 60s, the husband being a Moroccan 42 years younger.
She worked in De Wallen, Amsterdam's red-light area, but initially the police refused to let her hire a window, despite her anatomy, in that she was registered as a man. After several appearances in court, she was examined by a sexologist, Dr Van Emde Boas who said:
“Wat ze van tevoren had, gaat ons niet aan. Ik raad u aan deze mevrouw als vrouw te beschouwen.” (What she was before, does not concern us. I advise you regard this lady as a woman.)With this and her passport finally changed, the vice squad finally left her alone to practice her profession. She became the first trans madam in the city.
Later she opened a club, initially called the Bar Oporto, but then Madame Arthur, at de Warmoesstraat 131 at the corner of de St. Annastraat ( map), where she repeated her Marlene Dietrich act. But after two years the building was demolished.
A Chilean trans woman, who had danced in her club, fixed it for her to smuggle cocaine from Brazil.
“De eerste keer smokkelde ik zes kilo. Dat ging goed, dus ik vroeg of ik wat meer kon meenemen, want ik kreeg per kilo betaald. Twee jaar lang landde ik om de paar maanden op Schiphol met 45 kilo coke. Ik had een peperdure nertsmantel aan, zo een waarin Wilhelmina heeft gelopen. Dan loop je niet direct in de armen van de douane.” (The first time I smuggled six kilos. That went well, so I asked if I could bring some more because I got paid per kilo. For two years I landed every few months at Schiphol with 45 kilos of cocaine. I had an expensive mink coat on, such as [Princess] Wilhelmina would wear. Then I walked directly into the arms of customs.)Aaïcha spent five years in prison.
She died age 82 of lung cancer, and was buried anonymously. However trans activists raised funds to buy her a tombstone.
- Ab Pruis & Aaïcha Bergamin. Aaïcha: het bizarre conflict van een als man geboren vrouw. (The bizarre conflict of a man born a woman) Amsterdam: Stichting Vrije Kommunikatie, 1991.
- Jaap Stam. “Schoonheids-foutje”. De Volkskrant, 7 december 2013. www.volkskrant.nl/archief/schoonheids-foutje~a3558047.
- Alex Bakker. “Transgenderpionier Aaïcha krijgt alsnog een grafsteen”. Het Parool, 28-07-15. www.parool.nl/parool/nl/4/AMSTERDAM/article/detail/4108940/2015/07/28/Transgenderpionier-Aaicha-krijgt-alsnog-een-grafsteen.dhtml.
- Bert Woudstra. “Aaïcha Bergamin (1932 – 2014)“ www.bertsgeschiedenissite.nl/TGNH/Transgenderpioniers/Aaicha%20Bergamin/aaicha_bergamin.html.
"Much later I saw pictures of such an operation. They filled me with fear." Just as well that Aaïchadid not go to Dr Burou. April Ashley tells us that he showed such photographs of previous patients as part of deciding whether a prospective patient was serious.
Do not confuse Aaïcha's Madame Arthur with that of the same name, also in Amsterdam but at Korte Leidsedwarsstraat nr. 45 whuch was opened in 1961 by Marcel Oudjman, the owner of the Paris Madame Arthur and Le Carrousel.