· “Known as a Man for Sixty Years, She died a Woman: Astounding Life History of Murray Hall, the Sixth Avenue Employment Agent”. New York Evening World, Jan 18, 1901. Online.
· “Murray Hall Fooled Many Shrewd Men”. New York Times. Jan 19 1901. .
· “Story of ‘Murray Hall’ told by her adopted daughter: Woman who Masqueraded as a Man for More than Forty Years was Buried Yesterday – Other Similar Cases in History”. The St Louis Republic, Jan 20 1901. Online.
· “The Murray Hall Case: Possible Solution of New York’s Strange Mystery: The Story of an Old Nurse”. Goldboro Weekly Argus, Feb 14, 1901. Online.
· Havelock Ellis. Sexual Inversion. In Studies In The Psychology Of Sex. Random House. 1936: 246-7.
· Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. Avon, 1978: 353-361.
· Karen Abbott, “The Mystery of Murray Hall,” July 21, 2011, Smithsonian.com,
· Lydia Nelson. “Reanimating Archiving/Archival Corporealities: Deploying ‘Big Ears’ on De Reigeur Mortis Intervention”. QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking, 1, 2, Summer 2014: 132-159.
“Her real name was Mary Anderson, and she was born in Govan, in Scotland. Early left an orphan, on the death of her only brother she put on his clothes and went to Edinburgh, working as a man. Her secret was discovered during an illness, and she finally went to America.”
ü Elder brother John who dies
ü Takes John’s name and clothes
ü Ellis has John go to Edinburgh; Campbell went to Kirknewton, east of Edinburgh
ü Wife abandoned, she tells that he is a woman and a warrant is issued
ü Works in Renfrew or Govan which are only 2 miles apart
ü John is taken ill in the smallpox epidemic, and his body discovered to be discrepant.